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Pollination and Floral Ecology$
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Pat Willmer

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691128610

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.001.0001

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The Pollination of Crops

The Pollination of Crops

(p.605) Chapter 28 The Pollination of Crops
Pollination and Floral Ecology

Pat Willmer

Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses on the pollination of crops. Animal pollination is important to the large majority of important crops, including those directly eaten by humans. However, there are differing absolute and relative needs for pollination. The chapter begins with a discussion of food crop types that need animal pollination, including wheat, oats, rice, maize, rye, barley, peanut, potato, cassava, sugarcane, and banana. It then considers a fairly standard set of tests that should be applied to determine what a good pollinator will be. It also provides examples that illustrate particular problems of crop productivity or crop management, from plants grown intensively or on a small and local scale, and in a wide range of habitats. Finally, it examines general approaches to encouraging pollination, along with problems associated with hybrid crops, seed crops, and crop breeding.

Keywords:   crop pollination, crops, pollinator, crop productivity, crop management, habitat, hybrid crop, seed crop, crop breeding, animal pollination

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