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Paths Out of DixieThe Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America's Deep South, 1944-1972$
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Robert Mickey

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780691133386

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691133386.001.0001

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The Founding and Maintenance of Southern Enclaves, 1890–1940

The Founding and Maintenance of Southern Enclaves, 1890–1940

(p.33) Chapter Two The Founding and Maintenance of Southern Enclaves, 1890–1940
Paths Out of Dixie

Robert Mickey

Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses on the founding and maintenance of southern authoritarian enclaves during the period 1890–1940. It interprets the post-1890s South as a set of stable enclaves of authoritarian rule, in contrast to the common view that it was a region of “herrenvolk” democracy—democracy for whites but not for blacks. The chapter first provides an overview of the birth of southern enclaves, tracing the history of the South before the Civil War to Reconstruction and enclave foundings. It then considers the project of southern “democracy,” black politics under enclave rule, and the South's democratization between 1944 and 1972. It also examines interventions that posed challenges to all southern enclaves, including the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, President Harry S. Truman and the National Democratic Party's embrace of racial equality, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

Keywords:   authoritarian enclaves, democracy, Reconstruction, black politics, democratization, U.S. Supreme Court, Brown v. Board of Education, Harry S. Truman, National Democratic Party, racial equality

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