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Paths Out of DixieThe Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America's Deep South, 1944-1972$
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Robert Mickey

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780691133386

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691133386.001.0001

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“No, Not One”

“No, Not One”

Georgia’s Massive Resistance and the Crisis at Athens

(p.240) Chapter Eight “No, Not One”
Paths Out of Dixie

Robert Mickey

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines how the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education sparked a crisis over the desegregation of the University of Georgia (UGA) in Athens. On the eve of Brown, Georgia's ruling party remained controlled by the rural elites and white supremacist politicians composing the faction led by Governor Herman Talmadge. Through their massive resistance, enclave rulers successfully avoided the desegregation of state-supported schools for more than six years while also gaining headway in their repression of the statewide infrastructure of black protest. The chapter first reviews the state of black education in Georgia prior to Brown and the state's attempts to preempt the ruling before discussing how factional conflict affected rulers' development of new institutional defenses to ward off democratization pressures. It then considers the Talmadgeites' attacks on black protest throughout the 1950s and concludes by explaining how Georgia's rulers mishandled the UGA crisis.

Keywords:   desegregation, U.S. Supreme Court, Brown v. Board of Education, University of Georgia, Georgia, Herman Talmadge, black protest, black education, democratization

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