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Secret Reports on Nazi GermanyThe Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort$
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Franz Neumann, Herbert Marcuse, Otto Kirchheimer, and Raffaele Laudani

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691134130

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.001.0001

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Speer’s Appointment as Dictator of the German Economy

Speer’s Appointment as Dictator of the German Economy

(September 13,1943)

(p.48) 4 Speer’s Appointment as Dictator of the German Economy
Secret Reports on Nazi Germany

Franz Neumann

Paul Sweezy

Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses on the appointment of Albert Speer as dictator of the German economy and the Reich Minister of Economics Walther Funk as a member of the Central Planning Board. Both appointments were made by Adolf Hitler as part of a decree he issued on September 2, 1943, which put the Reich Minister for Armaments and Munitions in control of total German production for the duration of the war, while the Reich Minister of Economics was to be responsible for the general economic policy, among other functions. The chapter first provides a background on the careers of Funk and Speer before discussing the relative position of Funk, Speer, Hermann Göring, and certain commissioners in the German war economy. It also considers the organizational meaning of Hitler's decree, along with the possibility that the new measure will deepen the antagonism between industry and the Nazi Party.

Keywords:   German war economy, Albert Speer, German economy, Walther Funk, Central Planning Board, Adolf Hitler, German war production, economic policy, Hermann Göring, Nazi Party

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