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Secret Reports on Nazi GermanyThe Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort$
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Franz Neumann, Herbert Marcuse, Otto Kirchheimer, and Raffaele Laudani

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691134130

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.001.0001

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Morale in Germany

Morale in Germany

(September 16,1943)

(p.100) 8 Morale in Germany
Secret Reports on Nazi Germany

Herbert Marcuse

Franz Neumann

Hans Meyerhoff

Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses on morale in Nazi Germany. Psychological warfare operations are not concerned with what people feel and think about their governments but rather to what extent these feelings and thoughts will and can affect their behavior within the framework of the enemy society. The answer to this question cannot be sought in what is understood by “morale” but rather in the sum total of the enemy's institutional and social arrangements. The system of National Socialism was devised for the very purpose of making a repetition of 1918 impossible—that is, to make morale dispensable. Morale, so to speak, had become a democratic luxury. The chapter considers the morale of various groups in Germany, including the ruling groups and the middle classes.

Keywords:   morale, Nazi Germany, psychological warfare, National Socialism, ruling groups, middle classes

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