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Secret Reports on Nazi GermanyThe Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort$
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Franz Neumann, Herbert Marcuse, Otto Kirchheimer, and Raffaele Laudani

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691134130

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.001.0001

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Nazi Plans for Dominating Germany and Europe: Domestic Crimes

Nazi Plans for Dominating Germany and Europe: Domestic Crimes

(August 13, 1945)

(p.522) 29 Nazi Plans for Dominating Germany and Europe: Domestic Crimes
Secret Reports on Nazi Germany

Otto Kircheimer

Princeton University Press

This chapter discusses the criminal responsibility of the Nazis for their violations of German domestic law, including the suppression of labor organizations and political parties. It first considers the expected plea by the Nazi Defense that the war crimes of which the prisoners are accused were in fact authorized by the laws of the Third Reich. It then shows how—and under what pretexts—the Nazis went about the organization of their system of terror. In particular, it emphasizes the role of the police as an instrument of repression and notes that the opposition parties were driven underground, the elections were rigged, and the trade unions were taken over. The chapter examines two types of agencies employed by Nazi Germany: the “legal terror,” which operated by way of the courts and the application of Nazi laws, and the police and organizational terror, which applied force directly.

Keywords:   criminal responsibility, German domestic law, trade unions, political parties, war crimes, Third Reich, police, Nazi Germany, legal terror, organizational terror

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