Holistic Visions and Trained Intuition
This chapter describes the indeterminate place of professional psychology between the natural sciences and the humanities in the epoch, and the manner in which members of the discipline, especially the Gestalt theorists of the “Berlin School,” revealed a preoccupation with “holism” and the “immediately given” characteristic of other fields of thought in the contemporary moment of crisis. The discussion focuses on three topics: (1) definitions and institutional locations of Weimar-era psychology; (2) natural scientific and humanistic approaches to psychology in Weimar-era crisis talk; (3) trained intuition, psychological practice, and the cultural grounding of expertise. Unifying the discussions in parts two and three is the centrality of holistic thought—and the effort to establish alternative forms of scientific objectivity and expert practice compatible with holism.
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