From Historicism to Crisis
The brief lifespan of the Weimar Republic saw some of the most earthshaking revolutions in the study of religion. This chapter provides a survey of the major movements. It shows that an intellectual drama that opened with the subdued efforts in both historical criticism and historical sociology of religion would pass through a revolution of anti-historicism, rising to a crisis with various trends in dialectical theology and religious existentialism, and reaching an inconclusive end in bitter factionalism and political disarray. It examines general patterns and debates in Weimar theology from liberal Protestants (Adolf von Harnack) to crisis theologians (Karl Barth, Emil Brunner, Friedrich Gogarten) alongside Jewish philosophers (Cohen, Rosenzweig, Buber) and partisans of political theology on both the right and the left (Schmitt, Benjamin, Bloch).
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