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Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution$
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Julia Koricheva, Jessica Gurevitch, and Kerrie Mengersen

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691137285

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.001.0001

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Contributions of Meta-analysis to Conservation and Management

Contributions of Meta-analysis to Conservation and Management

(p.420) 26 Contributions of Meta-analysis to Conservation and Management
Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Isabelle M. Côté

Gavin B. Stewart

Princeton University Press

This chapter looks back through the relatively short history of meta-analyses and systematic reviews of conservation interest and highlights four areas to which these methods have contributed significantly. These include challenging conventional wisdom, measuring effectiveness of management interventions, replacing large-scale monitoring with small-scale surveys, and identifying gaps in knowledge. The chapter shows that meta-analyses and systematic reviews have contributed to answering a number of important applied questions. However, although these answers often have clear implications for conservation policy and legislation, they currently remain the focus of primarily academic interest. Given a little more time, evidence bases that are collated using systematic reviews, particularly in association with meta-analysis, are expected to increasingly influence decision making in the environmental sector, just as they have in medical fields.

Keywords:   meta-analysis, systematic reviews, conservation, conventional wisdom, management intervention, small-scale surveys, large-scale monitoring, knowledge gaps

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