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The Soldier and the Changing StateBuilding Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas$
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Zoltan Barany

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691137681

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.001.0001

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After Military Rule in Europe: Spain, Portugal, and Greece

After Military Rule in Europe: Spain, Portugal, and Greece

(p.113) Chapter 4 After Military Rule in Europe: Spain, Portugal, and Greece
The Soldier and the Changing State

Zoltan Barany

Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses on the cases of Spain and Portugal. After decades of authoritarianism, placing the Spanish military under civilian control proved to be a relatively straightforward and brief process. The transformation of Portuguese civil–military relations, on the other hand, was more contentious, took far longer, and did not succeed as completely as Spain's. Greece, the secondary case in this chapter, had a much shorter but more intense experience with praetorianism; its return to democracy and democratic civil–military relations was quick albeit not without some shortcomings. The chapter then assesses the influence of international organizations, particularly NATO, on the democratization of the three states and their defense establishments.

Keywords:   Spain, Portugal, authoritarianism, Spanish military, civilian control, Portuguese civil–military relations, Greece, praetorianism, NATO, democratic civil–military relations

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