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The Soldier and the Changing StateBuilding Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas$
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Zoltan Barany

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691137681

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.001.0001

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After State-Socialism in Europe: Slovenia, Russia, and Romania

After State-Socialism in Europe: Slovenia, Russia, and Romania

(p.212) Chapter 7 After State-Socialism in Europe: Slovenia, Russia, and Romania
The Soldier and the Changing State

Zoltan Barany

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines three East European states: Slovenia, a small country that has enjoyed a smooth transition to democracy and market economy; Russia, the world's largest state, which has failed to establish democratic rule; and Romania, a medium-sized Balkan country that, following some early stumbling, found its way into NATO and the European Union. The three postcommunist states suggest very different experiences of building democratic armies. No postcommunist country had fewer major problems in establishing democratic civil–military relations than Slovenia, even though it had to create a new army on the rather flimsy foundations of the Territorial Defense Force. Meanwhile, the specific shortcomings of Russian military politics reflect the power relations that have doomed Russia's democratization prospects. Romania's postcommunist record of building civil–military relations falls between the two others in terms of democratic performance, though it is much closer to Slovenia than to Russia.

Keywords:   Slovenia, Russia, Romania, postcommunism, democratic armies, civil–military relations, Territorial Defense Force, Russian military politics, NATO, European Union

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