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The Soldier and the Changing StateBuilding Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas$
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Zoltan Barany

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691137681

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.001.0001

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After Colonial Rule in Asia: India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

After Colonial Rule in Asia: India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

(p.245) Chapter 8 After Colonial Rule in Asia: India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh
The Soldier and the Changing State

Zoltan Barany

Princeton University Press

This chapter looks at two pivotal states of South Asia: India and Pakistan. India and Pakistan gained their independence in 1947. India succeeded in placing its armed forces under firm and virtually unchallenged state control right from the beginning of independence. However, civil–military relations in Pakistan have been far more “eventful.” The chapter makes three arguments. First and most important, by the end of the first postcolonial decade, the patterns for the drastically different military politics of India and Pakistan were already set. Second, of the numerous reasons for the evolution of different civil–military relations in the two countries, several lie in the circumstances of the 1947 Partition and in the immediate post-Partition period. Third, the British colonial period left behind profound legacies, most of which have positively influenced military affairs in the Subcontinent. The chapter also addresses Bangladesh—from its independence in 1971 to the military take-over in 2007—and what sets its military politics apart from Pakistan's.

Keywords:   India independence, Pakistan independence, civil–military relations, military politics, 1947 Partition, British colonial rule, Bangladesh

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