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Status in Classical Athens$
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Deborah Kamen

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691138138

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691138138.001.0001

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Full Citizens: Female

Full Citizens: Female

Chapter 9 Full Citizens: Female
Status in Classical Athens

Deborah Kamen

Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses on the status of female citizens because female citizenship is sufficiently different from male citizenship to warrant a distinct status category. That is, female citizens are less equal to male citizens than female slaves are to male slaves, female ex-slaves to male, female metics to male, and so on. It distinguishes between different types of female citizens as appropriate. One of the most distinctive attributes of Athenian women is that although they were citizens, they were also under the supervision of a kurios or guardian. As girls, they were under the guardianship of their fathers, and when they married, they entered the guardianship of their husbands. This much is certain, but the precise degree of control the kurios had over women and girls is less clear.

Keywords:   female citizens, classical Athens, Greece, legal status, social status, female citizenship, Athenian women

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