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Pagans and PhilosophersThe Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz$
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John Marenbon

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780691142555

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.001.0001

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Aristotelian Wisdom: Unity, Rejection or Relativism

Aristotelian Wisdom: Unity, Rejection or Relativism

(p.127) Chapter 8 Aristotelian Wisdom: Unity, Rejection or Relativism
Pagans and Philosophers

John Marenbon

Princeton University Press

This chapter considers the rapid assimilation of Aristotle's non-logical writings in the Paris and Oxford universities. Here, the Problem of Paganism assimilated into the very structure of higher education by making one of the constituent faculties of the universities an institution dedicated to knowledge not gained through revelation. Without its having been planned that way, universities each had among their faculties one dedicated, and officially restricted to, pagan knowledge: what could be learned without the help of Christianity, as exemplified pre-eminently in the writings of an Athenian from the fourth century BC. This chapter thus sets out to examine the central discussion among the Arts Masters and the theologians, who supported, differed from, or opposed such arrangements to different degrees.

Keywords:   Aristotle, University of Paris, University of Oxford, Arts Faculties, pagan knowledge, higher education

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