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Knowing Full Well$
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Ernest Sosa

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691143972

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.001.0001

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Knowledge: Instrumental and Testimonial

Knowledge: Instrumental and Testimonial

(p.128) Chapter Seven Knowledge: Instrumental and Testimonial
Knowing Full Well

Ernest Sosa

Princeton University Press

This chapter goes into how we know through our instruments and interlocutors. It offers a way of understanding such knowledge in line with performance-based virtue epistemology. Testimonial knowledge is a collaborative accomplishment involving one's informational sources across time. In order to constitute knowledge, a testimony-derived belief must be accurate, and must thereby manifest competence, which should not be thought to require that the most salient explanation of its being right must involve the individual competence manifested by the subject in holding that belief. The explanatorily salient factors will probably lie elsewhere; what mainly accounts for the belief's correctness will likely involve others and their cognitive accomplishments.

Keywords:   testimonial knowledge, testimonies, interlocutors, performance based, virtue epistemology, testimony

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