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Beautiful Game TheoryHow Soccer Can Help Economics$
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Ignacio Palacios-Huerta

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691144023

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691144023.001.0001

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Favoritism under Social Pressure

Favoritism under Social Pressure

Chapter:
(p.107) 7 Favoritism under Social Pressure
Source:
Beautiful Game Theory
Author(s):

Ignacio Palacios-Huerta

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691144023.003.0008

This chapter examines the effect of social forces as determinants of behavior, in particular the role of social pressure as a determinant of corruption, through the lens of professional soccer. First, it shows and quantifies the referee's bias. The premise is that the amount of extra time should not systematically depend on the identity of the team that is leading at the end of a game. Second, the hypothesis that referees show a bias for the home team because of social pressure means that the bias should be stronger when the crowd's rewards from winning are higher. Third, what is the specific mechanism that could plausibly underlie this behavior? The hypothesis underlying this chapter is that it is the actual crowd in the stadium that puts pressure on referees.

Keywords:   social pressure, corruption, soccer, human behavior, social forces, referee bias

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