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The Emancipation of Europe's MuslimsThe State's Role in Minority Integration$
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Jonathan Laurence

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691144214

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691144214.001.0001

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European Outsourcing and Embassy Islam

European Outsourcing and Embassy Islam

L’Islam, C’Est Moi

(p.30) Chapter Two European Outsourcing and Embassy Islam
The Emancipation of Europe's Muslims

Jonathan Laurence

Princeton University Press

This chapter explores the origins of the privileged status enjoyed by foreign Islamic governments in the first stage (c. 1960–1990) of state–mosque relations in Europe. Several factors help explain why European governments gave them that status. Europeans were interested in a good trade relationship and the even flow of oil, in avoiding the politicization of migrant populations, and above all in orienting the immigrants to eventually go back to their original homelands. A template of temporary migration defined the host governments' demand for religious interlocutors during the first stage, during which they experimented with return-oriented policies and the outsourcing of linguistic, cultural, and religious programs. But this did not constitute a fully developed approach: rather, it reflected the absence of a policy toward the new Muslim minority.

Keywords:   outsourcing, trade relationships, migrant populations, oil, temporary migration, return-oriented policies

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