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The Emancipation of Europe's MuslimsThe State's Role in Minority Integration$
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Jonathan Laurence

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691144214

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691144214.001.0001

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Imperfect Institutionalization

Imperfect Institutionalization

Islam Councils in Europe

(p.163) Chapter Six Imperfect Institutionalization
The Emancipation of Europe's Muslims

Jonathan Laurence

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the second round of state–mosque relations that produced institutionalized Islam Councils. Interior ministries provided the first impetus to organize Islam as a “national” religion, and the government-led consultations established a variety of national councils between 1992 and 2006, from the Conseil français du culte musulman, to the Comisíon Islámica de España, to the Exécutif des musulmans de Belgique, to the Deutsche Islam Konferenz, to the Mosques and Imams National Advisory Board in Britain, to the Consulta per l'Islam italiano. These national processes are not identical: many place more weight on the role of Embassy Islam and foreign government representatives (e.g., Belgium, Germany, France, Spain), while others rely more heavily on handpicked local civil society organizations (e.g., Italy, United Kingdom).

Keywords:   state–mosque relations, Islam Councils, interior ministries, national councils, Embassy Islam, foreign government representatives, institutionalization, civil society organizations

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