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Oxygen – A Four Billion Year History - Princeton Scholarship Online
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Oxygen: A Four Billion Year History

Donald Eugene Canfield


The air we breathe is 21 percent oxygen, an amount higher than on any other known world. While we may take our air for granted, Earth was not always an oxygenated planet. How did it become this way? This book covers this vast history, emphasizing its relationship to the evolution of life and the evolving chemistry of the Earth. The book guides readers through the various lines of scientific evidence, considers some of the wrong turns and dead ends along the way, and highlights the scientists and researchers who have made key discoveries in the field. Showing how Earth's atmosphere developed ov ... More

Keywords: oxygen, Earth, evolution, life, chemistry, atmosphere, oxygenation

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9780691145020
Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017 DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691145020.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Donald Eugene Canfield, author
University of Southern Denmark