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Eco-evolutionary Dynamics$
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Andrew P. Hendry

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691145433

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.001.0001

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Adaptation

Adaptation

Chapter:
(p.54) Chapter 3 Adaptation
Source:
Eco-evolutionary Dynamics
Author(s):

Andrew P. Hendry

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0003

This chapter outlines how to conceptualize and predict adaptive evolution based on information about selection and genetic variation. It introduces and explains adaptive landscapes, a concept that has proven useful in guiding the understanding of evolution. The chapter also reviews empirical data to answer fundamental questions about adaptation in nature, including to what extent short- and long-term evolution is predictable, how fast is phenotypic change, to what extent is adaptation constrained by genetic variation, and how well adapted natural populations are to their local environments. Moving beyond selection and adaptation within populations, the chapter shows how eco-evolutionary dynamics will be shaped by biological diversity: that is, different populations and species have different effects on their environment.

Keywords:   adaptive evolution, selection, genetic variation, adaptive landscapes, phenotypic change, eco-evolutionary dynamics, diversity

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