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Europe and the Islamic WorldA History$
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John Tolan, Henry Laurens, and Gilles Veinstein

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691147055

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.001.0001

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On the Shoulders of Giants

On the Shoulders of Giants

Transmission and Exchange of Knowledge

(p.87) Chapter 5 On the Shoulders of Giants
Europe and the Islamic World

John Tolan

Gilles Veinstein

Henry Laurens

, Jane Marie Todd
Princeton University Press

This chapter deals with intellectual, cultural, and artistic exchanges, studying in particular the profound impact of Arab science and philosophy on the intellectual revival of Europe that began in the twelfth century. It shows that the mingling of people and goods traveling back and forth across the Mediterranean was accompanied by a mingling of ideas, technologies, and texts—of cultures, in short. All the various players adopted the technologies, institutions, and tools of the merchants and sailors modified them to fit their own needs and culture, and perfected them when necessary. Exchanges of ideas and technologies in the Mediterranean basin were not limited to commerce and navigation, however. They occurred in all areas: agricultural, hydraulic, architectural, and military technologies; the knowledge and practice of medicine and pharmacology; artistic, musical, and literary tastes and expertise; scientific and philosophical scholarship.

Keywords:   knowledge exchange, knowledge transmission, cultural exchanges, intellectual exchanges, artistic exchanges, Arab science, intellectual revival, Arab philosophy

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