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Group Problem Solving$
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Patrick R. Laughlin

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691147918

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.001.0001

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Group-to-Individual Problem-Solving Transfer

Group-to-Individual Problem-Solving Transfer

(p.109) Chapter Seven Group-to-Individual Problem-Solving Transfer
Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines group-to-individual problem-solving transfer, the effect of experience in cooperative group problem solving on subsequent individual problem solving by the group members. Both specific and general group-to-individual transfer may be assessed in a three-stage IGI versus III design. In the IGI experimental condition participants solve problems as individuals (I), then as groups (G), and then as individuals (I). In the III control condition the participants solve the same problems three times as individuals. Group-to-individual transfer is demonstrated by better third-stage performance for individuals in the IGI condition than in the III condition. This IGI versus III design also allows assessment of group versus individual problem solving on the second administration, and also model-fitting analyses of the social combination processes by which the groups map known distributions of correct and incorrect members on the first administration to a correct or incorrect group response.

Keywords:   group-to-individual problem-solving, IGI design, III design, cooperative group, problem solving, individual problem solving

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