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Group Problem Solving$
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Patrick R. Laughlin

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691147918

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 21 October 2019

Social Choice Theory

Social Choice Theory

Chapter:
(p.124) Chapter Eight Social Choice Theory
Source:
Group Problem Solving
Author(s):

Patrick R. Laughlin

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0008

This chapter discusses social choice theory, an axiomatic and deductive approach to societal problem solving by existing or possible voting procedures. Social choice theory in economics and political science considers how the members of a society such as voters or policy makers may make societal decisions such as selection among competing candidates to office or policies by existing or possible voting systems. Thus, social combination models and social choice theory address the same basic issue: the aggregation of group member preferences to a collective group response. As a historical example, the representatives from the American colonies who met at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 faced a multitude of judgmental issues on the composition, powers, and procedures of their government. Over four months, they achieved consensus on the U.S. Constitution. Once this consensus on judgmental issues was achieved, the U.S. Constitution became a conceptual system and guide for group problem solving for subsequent generations of Americans.

Keywords:   social choice theory, societal problem solving, voting procedures, societal decisions, voting systems, collective group response, U.S. Constitution, group problem solving

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