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Between Citizens and the StateThe Politics of American Higher Education in the 20th Century$
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Christopher P. Loss

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691148274

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691148274.001.0001

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The Politics of American Higher Education in the Twentieth Century

(p.1) Chapter 1 Introduction
Between Citizens and the State

Christopher P. Loss

Princeton University Press

This chapter lays out the history and background of the federal government's growing involvement in American higher education, arguing that the latter had emerged as a predominant “parastate” in the twentieth century. Situated between citizens and the state, completely beholden to neither party but expected and committed to serve both, higher education proved perfectly suited for the task. The potential for higher education's ideas and individuals to migrate into the heart of society proved particularly seductive to state builders. That higher education could be used to shape citizens' political commitments resonated with national leaders, such as Franklin Roosevelt and Lyndon Johnson, who wanted to build a new and more powerful state but had to do so using homegrown materials, all the more effective if they were locally produced. From such stuff was the American state made.

Keywords:   American higher education, higher education, federal government, parastate, twentieth century, national leaders, American state

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