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Between Citizens and the StateThe Politics of American Higher Education in the 20th Century$
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Christopher P. Loss

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691148274

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691148274.001.0001

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Higher Education Confronts the Rights Revolution

Higher Education Confronts the Rights Revolution

(p.165) Chapter 6 Higher Education Confronts the Rights Revolution
Between Citizens and the State

Christopher P. Loss

Princeton University Press

This chapter explores how students' private concerns came to occupy the center of campus and national politics in the 1960s and in so doing thrust higher education into the thick of the nascent rights revolution. Students' rights-based reconstruction of the educated citizen marked a departure from the older reciprocal-based formulation that had been decisive in the creation of past higher education policy. From the 1930s through the 1950s, the state provided citizens with educational opportunities in order to repay them for their sacrifices during the Great Depression and the brutal war years that followed. But the gradual expansion of educational access and of federal involvement in higher education set in motion a sequence of unexpected social and political reactions that prepared the way for the shift from a reciprocal to a rights-based conception of the educated citizen founded on the principle of diversity.

Keywords:   1960s, rights revolution, diversity, Higher Education Act 1965, student-citizens

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