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Ecology of Climate ChangeThe Importance of Biotic Interactions$
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Eric Post

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691148472

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.001.0001

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Life History Variation and Phenology

Life History Variation and Phenology

(p.54) Chapter 3 Life History Variation and Phenology
Ecology of Climate Change

Eric Post

Princeton University Press

This chapter looks at examples illustrating patterns in phenological responses to observed and experimental climate change. The most commonly observed phenological response to recent climate change is an advance in the timing of early life history events such as migration, plant emergence or flowering, amphibian breeding, or egg-laying dates in birds. Patterns in satellite-derived images of primary productivity suggest a lengthening of the plant-growing season in recent decades, whereas data on plant phenological dynamics from studies conducted at plot and sublandscape scales indicate shortened phenophases, or phenological events, in response to warming. This contrast may be resolved by recognizing the difference between phenology in the context of individual life history strategies of disparate species and landscape-scale patterns of phenology, and by recognizing the difference between local, species-specific phenological dynamics and those occurring at the landscape scale.

Keywords:   phenology, climate change, life history, migration, plant emergence, flowering, amphibian breeding, egg laying, phenological dynamics, phenological events

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