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Ecology of Climate ChangeThe Importance of Biotic Interactions$
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Eric Post

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691148472

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.001.0001

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Biodiversity, Distributions, and Extinction

Biodiversity, Distributions, and Extinction

Chapter:
(p.217) Chapter 7 Biodiversity, Distributions, and Extinction
Source:
Ecology of Climate Change
Author(s):

Eric Post

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0007

This chapter examines the relationship between species diversity and ecosystem function and stability. This subject is currently one of the most intensely studied topics in ecology. It is also of paramount importance in the study of the ecological consequences of climate change, most probably because of its obvious relevance to ecosystem goods and services. More classically, however, the subject of biodiversity response to climate change relates to what factors set limits to the upper and lower bounds of species diversity and how those factors might be altered by rapid climate change. Of the two processes generating diversity—speciation and immigration—the latter obviously operates at shorter time scales and is likely to respond more immediately to climate change. Of the processes reducing local diversity—extinction and emigration—the latter is, again, likely to operate at shorter time scales, but both processes are likely to be influenced by climate change, although at potentially different timescales.

Keywords:   species diversity, ecosystem function, ecosystem stability, climate change, biodiversity, speciation, immigration, extinction, emigration

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