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Why Philanthropy MattersHow the Wealthy Give, and What It Means for Our Economic Well-Being$
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Zoltan J. Acs

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691148625

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691148625.001.0001

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The Wealth of Nations

The Wealth of Nations

Chapter:
(p.86) Chapter 4 The Wealth of Nations
Source:
Why Philanthropy Matters
Author(s):

Zoltan J. Acs

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691148625.003.0004

This chapter examines wealth creation as a defining feature of capitalism. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, American research universities have increasingly moved to the forefront of innovation, playing a more critical role in developing new technologies used by large companies and entrepreneurs. In recent decades, one university and one region in particular have become almost synonymous with knowledge creation and the high-tech industry: Stanford University and Silicon Valley. The chapter shows how Leland Stanford and his contemporaries helped forge the relationship between creative destruction in the American economy and the institutions that promote opportunity. It considers how the economic openness that allowed entrepreneurs to accumulate fortunes has also nurtured social institutions, such as universities and foundations. It also discusses the issue of income inequality, the dilemma of what to do with wealth, the distinction between charity and philanthropy.

Keywords:   wealth creation, capitalism, innovation, research universities, Leland Stanford, creative destruction, opportunity, foundations, income inequality, charity

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