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The Emergence of Organizations and Markets$
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John F. Padgett and Walter W. Powell

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691148670

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 25 May 2022

Academic Laboratories and the Reproduction of Proprietary Science

Academic Laboratories and the Reproduction of Proprietary Science

Modeling Organizational Rules through Autocatalytic Networks

(p.496) 16 Academic Laboratories and the Reproduction of Proprietary Science
The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Jeannette A. Colyvas

Spiro Maroulis

Princeton University Press

This chapter extends previous work analyzing the origins of academic entrepreneurship at Stanford with an agent-based model that simulates the rise and spread of patenting by research faculty, drawing on archival analysis of divergent approaches taken by different lab directors. In so doing, this chapter builds on the formal model of autocatalysis developed in Chapter 3, which enables this chapter to disentangle competing explanations. The results are quite surprising. Incentives or mimicry alone are less likely to account for academic embrace of patenting, whereas preemptive efforts to preserve scientific autonomy do play a large role. The pursuit of safeguards from commercial co-optation by other researchers has the transformative effect of making the emergence of proprietary science more likely.

Keywords:   academic entrepreneurship, agent-based model, patenting, autocatalysis, scientific autonomy, commercial co-optation, proprietary science, Stanford University, autocatalytic networks

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