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The New DealA Global History$
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Kiran Klaus Patel

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691149127

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691149127.001.0001

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In Search of New Beginnings

In Search of New Beginnings

Chapter:
(p.45) Chapter 2 In Search of New Beginnings
Source:
The New Deal
Author(s):

Kiran Klaus Patel

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691149127.003.0002

This chapter focuses on the early New Deal years and explores the Roosevelt administration's initiatives while putting them in global context. The New Deal sought to relativize the culture of individualism; social control and the regulation of previously private matters were not foreign to it. Thus, eugenics were broadly compatible with New Deal ideals, and the increased New Deal funding to state agencies is a critical reason why sterilization figures went up in many states during the 1930s. However, eugenics was not a formative element of the New Deal. Roosevelt's agenda instead stood out for its focus on economic regulation. The New Deal aimed at improving individual morality and social behavior, but it did so mainly through the economic lens, whereas many other states also introduced programs directly aimed in this direction.

Keywords:   New Deal, Roosevelt administration, individualism, social control, eugenics, economic regulation

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