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The New DealA Global History$
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Kiran Klaus Patel

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691149127

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691149127.001.0001

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The American World Order

The American World Order

Chapter:
(p.261) Chapter 5 The American World Order
Source:
The New Deal
Author(s):

Kiran Klaus Patel

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691149127.003.0005

This chapter assesses the medium- and long-term effects of the New Deal through 1945 and beyond. Seen from this perspective, discontinuities leap to the eye. With World War II, American society lost the markedly civilian nature that had characterized it during most of the interwar years. The concept of security, so central during the early Roosevelt administration, acquired a fundamentally different meaning, shifting from domestic welfare to international warfare. But there were significant continuities. Many features of the New Deal lived on or hibernated during the war. The global conflict even saved and strengthened many existing programs that peace might have seen canceled or shelved. State attempts at social control over the body loomed large. The military, government, and other institutions worked to overcome the crisis of masculinity of the 1930s and create a hypermasculinized ideal, reflecting the country's rising status as a world power.

Keywords:   New Deal, World War II, American society, security, social control, masculinity

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