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Islam in PakistanA History$
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Muhammed Qasim Zaman

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691149226

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691149226.001.0001

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The ` Ulama and the State

The ` Ulama and the State

(p.95) Chapter Three The ` Ulama and the State
Islam in Pakistan

Muhammad Qasim Zaman

Princeton University Press

Focusing on the `ulama, this chapter seeks to bring out some of the ambiguities of the relationship in Pakistan between them and the modernists. The traditionalist `ulama have had some very particular ideas about an Islamic state, ideas at considerable variance with those of the modernist governing elite. Yet, even as the `ulama have bitterly resisted modernist legislation on matters seen as encroaching upon their understandings of Islam, they have often been willing to accommodate themselves to constitutional and political developments in the country as spearheaded by the modernists, and they have continued to benefit from the patronage extended to them by successive governments. The chapter also sheds some light on how the `ulama associated with particular doctrinal orientations have fared in relation to one another and how one of these, represented by the Deobandis, has overtaken others in the religio-political sphere.

Keywords:   Pakistan, `ulama, modernism, modernists, Deobandis

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