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Islam in PakistanA History$
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Muhammed Qasim Zaman

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691149226

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691149226.001.0001

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The Contested Terrain of Sufism

The Contested Terrain of Sufism

(p.195) Chapter Six The Contested Terrain of Sufism
Islam in Pakistan

Muhammad Qasim Zaman

Princeton University Press

This chapter considers other expressions of contestation in the religious sphere taking place on the once expansive terrain of Sufism. Long a core part of Muslim identity, Sufi practices, doctrines, and institutions have continued into modern times to exercise considerable influence not only on common people but also on the religious and political leaders of the community. Though many among the `ulama, including the reformists in their ranks, have often had a relatively seamless relationship with Sufism, the Islamists, too, and even the modernists have been receptive to the appeal of Sufism. Yet, the conditions of modernity, the claims of the modern state, and modernist and Islamist efforts to radically reshape Islam in a particular image, with some recent help from militant Islamist groups, have hit institutional Sufism hard. Sufism has some other vulnerabilities which have also contributed to a certain shrinking of the space it has traditionally occupied in this part of the world.

Keywords:   Sufism, Islam, Muslim identity, `ulama, Islamists

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