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Islam in PakistanA History$
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Muhammed Qasim Zaman

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691149226

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691149226.001.0001

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Religion, Violence, and the State

Religion, Violence, and the State

(p.226) Chapter Seven Religion, Violence, and the State
Islam in Pakistan

Muhammad Qasim Zaman

Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses on religio-political violence, whose widespread incidence—after Pakistan's realignment in the US-led War on Terror in the aftermath of September 11, 2001, and the subsequent rise of a new, Pakistani Taliban—has threatened the very fabric of state and society. It examines the violence in question from two broad and intertwined perspectives, one relating to the state, and the other to Islam and those speaking in its terms. Part of the concern in this chapter is to contribute to an understanding of how the governing elite and the military have often fostered the conditions in which the resort to religiously inflected violence has been justified. It also suggests that the nonstate actors—ideologues and militants—have had an agency of their own, which is not reducible to the machinations of the state. Their resort to relevant facets of the Islamic tradition also needs to be taken seriously in order to properly understand their view of the world and such appeal as they have had in particular circles.

Keywords:   religio-political violence, Pakistan, War on Terror, Taliban

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