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Of Empires and CitizensPro-American Democracy or No Democracy at All?$
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Amaney A. Jamal

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691149646

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691149646.001.0001

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Islamist Momentum in the Arab World

Islamist Momentum in the Arab World

Jordan’s Islamic Action Front and Kuwait’s Islamic Constitutional Movement

(p.63) Chapter Three Islamist Momentum in the Arab World
Of Empires and Citizens

Amaney A. Jamal

Princeton University Press

This chapter first offers a general overview of Islamist positions vis-è-vis the United States in both Jordan and Kuwait. Second, it emphasizes the exogenous nature of anti-Americanism, arguing that it is a function of U.S. policies. It also shows how international developments influenced Islamist stances relative to the United States. Jordan's dependency on the West, the continuation of the occupation of Palestinian lands by Israel, the Jordanian peace treaty with Israel, the so-called War on Terror, and the War on Iraq have further reinforced anti-American sentiment among Jordan's Islamist opposition. Finally, the chapter posits that the democratic reversals in Jordan, which marked much of the 1990s and the early years of the twenty-first century, were directly linked to the fear of anti-American opposition movements then gaining momentum. It concludes with a discussion about the role regimes and the United States play in sustaining barriers to democracy in these settings.

Keywords:   Islamist opposition movements, anti-Americanism, United States, Jordan, Kuwait, international relations, democracy, regime clientelism

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