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A Tale of Two CulturesQualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences$
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Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691149707

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.001.0001

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Case Selection and Hypothesis Testing

Case Selection and Hypothesis Testing

Chapter:
(p.177) Chapter 14 Case Selection and Hypothesis Testing
Source:
A Tale of Two Cultures
Author(s):

Gary Goertz

James Mahoney

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0014

This chapter discusses quantitative and qualitative practices of case-study selection when the goal of the analysis is to evaluate causal hypotheses. More specifically, it considers how the different causal models used in the qualitative and quantitative research cultures shape the kind of cases that provide the most leverage for hypothesis testing. The chapter examines whether one should select cases based on their value on the dependent variable. It also evaluates the kinds of cases that provide the most leverage for causal inference when conducting case-study research. It shows that differences in research goals between quantitative and qualitative scholars yield distinct ideas about best strategies of case selection. Qualitative research places emphasis on explaining particular cases; quantitative research does not.

Keywords:   case selection, cases, causal models, quantitative research, hypothesis testing, dependent variable, causal inference, qualitative research

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