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Peasants under SiegeThe Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962$
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Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691149721

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.001.0001

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The Collectives Are Formed

The Collectives Are Formed

Chapter:
(p.369) Chapter 7 The Collectives Are Formed
Source:
Peasants under Siege
Author(s):

Gail Kligman

Katherine Verdery

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.003.0008

This chapter shows how collectives were finally formed after several years of practices that drew people into a process increasingly determined by the authorities and eroded their will and confidence. Although peasants eventually capitulated to the assault on their way of life, in some respects cadres themselves had to capitulate to that way of life in order to win: they had to acknowledge the importance of village status systems, bringing chiaburs into the collectives instead of excluding them. After that, the process went much more quickly. The chapter then surveys some of the social variables that affected patterns of forming the collectives. Among these are religious and ethnic composition, colonization, ecological/economic adaptation, local politics, and historical differences by region.

Keywords:   collectives, village status systems, chiaburs, religious composition, ethnic composition, colonization, ecological adaptation, economic adaptation, local politics

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