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Peasants under SiegeThe Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962$
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Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691149721

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.001.0001

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The Restratification and Bureaucratization of Rural Life

The Restratification and Bureaucratization of Rural Life

(p.408) Chapter 8 The Restratification and Bureaucratization of Rural Life
Peasants under Siege

Gail Kligman

Katherine Verdery

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines new chances for social mobility and how village life was bureaucratized and politicized, along with the transformation of the earlier organizational forms involving kinship and social status. Industrial development and the bureaucratization of society meant the proliferation of new jobs for people in villages, even as they lost the land that had rooted them in their communities. Among the consequences were a re-stratification of village life, as prior hierarchies based on owning means of production gave way to new ones based on political position and other bases of inequality. Additional changes affected family and household, including new patterns of authority and modifications in kinship, which receded in importance as against new kinds of personalistic ties. Especially significant were changes in gender roles and generational expectations. Moreover, the bureaucratization of work changed that basic daily reality for peasants, along with the personhood ideals that had been tied to it.

Keywords:   social mobility, bureaucratization, industrial development, kinship, social status, personalistic ties, gender roles, generational expectations, personhood, village life

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