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Red State ReligionFaith and Politics in America's Heartland$
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Robert Wuthnow

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691150550

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691150550.001.0001

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Redefining the Heartland

Redefining the Heartland

(p.110) Chapter 3 Redefining the Heartland
Red State Religion

Robert Wuthnow

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines how Kansas experienced a long slide from being the “kernel of the country” to becoming a mere outpost far from the centers of national economic and political influence—a shift that was rooted in economic and demographic changes, but was primarily a matter of cultural redefinition. On those rare occasions in the nineteenth century when the Kansas Republican Party lost power, it regrouped and made a comeback in the next electoral cycle. The chapter first considers how the influence of Republicans and Methodists peaked in 1924, a banner year for the Kansas economy, before discussing the consolidation and further expansion of Kansas churches. It then describes the separation of church and state, along with the rise of fundamentalism and the impact of the Great Depression on Kansas churches. It also explores the repeal of Prohibition in 1933 and the emergence of smaller political and religious movements in Kansas.

Keywords:   fundamentalism, Republican Party, Methodists, Kansas, churches, Great Depression, Prohibition, religious movements, political movements

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