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The Making of British Socialism$
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Mark Bevir

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691150833

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691150833.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

Theories of Rent

Theories of Rent

(p.131) Chapter Seven Theories of Rent
The Making of British Socialism

Mark Bevir

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the Fabians' rejection of Marxist economics for theories arising in the wake of the collapse of classical economics. Far too many historians have caricatured the Fabians as bureaucratic elitists who were inspired by utilitarianism and classical political economy. Even when historians look more seriously at the beliefs of the Fabians, they generally argue that the Fabians adopted a reformist socialism based on a shared theory of rent derived from the classical liberalism of David Ricardo. In their view, this theory of rent blurred the distinction between classes, making it possible, first, to equate socialism not with ending capitalism but with taxation of unearned increment for the benefit of society and, second, to reject a revolutionary politics in favor of parliamentary gradualism and the permeation of bourgeois parties. However, the leading Fabians actually held different economic theories. They owed less to utilitarianism and classical political economy than to ethical positivism and neoclassical and marginal economic theories. Insofar as there is a distinctive Fabian socialism, it derives not from a shared theory of rent but from a shared endeavor by ethical positivists and liberal radicals to respond to the crisis of faith and especially the collapse of classical economics.

Keywords:   Fabian socialism, Fabians, British socialism, Fabianism, ethical positivism, neoclassical economic theory, marginal economic theory

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