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War in Social ThoughtHobbes to the Present$
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Hans Joas and Wolfgang Knöbl

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691150840

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691150840.001.0001

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After Modernization Theory

After Modernization Theory

Historical Sociology and the Belicose Constitution of Western Modernity

(p.194) 6 After Modernization Theory
War in Social Thought

Hans Joas

Wolfgang Knöbl

, Alex Skinner
Princeton University Press

This chapter explores the connections between war and modernity as well as developments in Anglo-American historical sociology and its emphasis on war. Within American sociology, the turn to “war” was directly connected with the debate on modernization theory. This paradigm had not only forecast that the “underdeveloped countries” would come to resemble the United States and Western Europe both structurally and culturally: that they would become Westernized. Outside of Britain and the United States, historical sociology never managed to play much of a role. As far as Germany and France (as well as other European countries) are concerned, sociologists there either never really took a historical approach (Germany) or adopted a historical perspective molded by the dominant figure of Michel Foucault. This was evident in the debate on the “democratic peace” that took off in the 1980s and early 1990s, a debate of great relevance to social theory.

Keywords:   war, modernity, historical sociology, American sociology, modernization theory, United States, Germany, Michel Foucault, democratic peace, social theory

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