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Against MassacreHumanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914$
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Davide Rodogno

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691151335

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.001.0001

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The International Context of Nineteenth-Century Humanitarian Interventions

The International Context of Nineteenth-Century Humanitarian Interventions

(p.18) Chapter One The International Context of Nineteenth-Century Humanitarian Interventions
Against Massacre

Davide Rodogno

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the international context of humanitarian interventions during the nineteenth century in order to understand why humanitarian intervention emerged as an international practice in the Ottoman Empire. It also sets the geopolitical context of humanitarian intervention, when Ottoman Christians were victims of massacre, atrocities, and extermination. The chapter begins with a discussion of the concept and practice of intervention in nineteenth-century international relations, explaining the term “intervention.” It then provides a brief overview of the history of the Eastern Question—the question of the survival or the death of the “sick Man of Europe”—before contextualizing the meaning of “massacre,” “atrocity,” and “extermination.” It also distinguishes between the Capitulations and intervention and concludes with an analysis of the extent to which military interventions against massacre built on the Capitulations.

Keywords:   humanitarian intervention, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman Christians, massacre, atrocity, extermination, international relations, Eastern Question, Capitulations, military intervention

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