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Against MassacreHumanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914$
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Davide Rodogno

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691151335

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.001.0001

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The First Intervention in Crete (1866–69)

The First Intervention in Crete (1866–69)

(p.118) Chapter Five The First Intervention in Crete (1866–69)
Against Massacre

Davide Rodogno

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the motives underlying the European powers' multilateral intervention in Crete during the period 1866–1869. It first considers the context of the Cretan Christians' revolt of 1866 as well as the massacres that triggered the Cretan crisis, which revolved around the question of the union of the island with Greece. It then discusses the European powers' reactions to the Cretan insurrection, the intervening powers' rescue of Christian Cretans, and the diplomatic solution to the crisis. It shows that Great Britain opposed any forcible action to save strangers based on the belief that massacre and atrocities were not serious or tragic enough to undertake an armed humanitarian intervention. It argues that the British were determined not to help Christian Cretans due to concerns about the “Eastern Question.”

Keywords:   humanitarian intervention, Crete, Cretan Christians, massacre, Greece, Europe, insurrection, rescue, Great Britain, Eastern Question

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