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Against MassacreHumanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914$
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Davide Rodogno

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691151335

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.001.0001

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Intermezzo—The International Context (1878–1908)

Intermezzo—The International Context (1878–1908)

(p.170) Chapter Seven Intermezzo—The International Context (1878–1908)
Against Massacre

Davide Rodogno

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the international context of the European powers' humanitarian interventions during the period 1878–1908. It begins with a discussion of three major changes that took place simultaneously in the late 1870s and directly affected relations between the Ottoman Empire and the European powers. It then considers interventions outside Europe, including the United States's intervention in Cuba against Spain and the British and American intervention against the king of Belgium in the so-called Congo Free State. It also explores three ideological branches of Great Britain's humanitarianism that influenced the reform campaign in Congo: trusteeship, evangelical philanthropy, and the proponents of human rights. The chapter argues that the increased tensions and rivalries, continental and imperial, and new alignments among European powers increased the risk related to armed interventions, which hampered their occurrence.

Keywords:   humanitarian intervention, Ottoman Empire, Europe, Belgium, Congo Free State, armed intervention, human rights, Great Britain

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