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Pogrom in GujaratHindu Nationalism and Anti-Muslim Violence in India$
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Parvis Ghassem-Fachandi

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691151762

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691151762.001.0001

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Heterogeneity and the Nation

Heterogeneity and the Nation

(p.257) Chapter 8 Heterogeneity and the Nation
Pogrom in Gujarat

Parvis Ghassem-Fachandi

Princeton University Press

This chapter analyzes how Muslims in Gujarat form no political or cultural unity, with no single voice that can speak in their name. Hence the solution of the pogrom: what cannot be reconverted or expulsed and resists leaving can be killed, ritually undone by violence. The way Muslims were killed neither expresses underlying cultural incommensurables, nor were they motivated by religious antagonisms. Rather, the motivation to eliminate expresses an instability in which Muslim neighbors who fail to be all that different nonetheless can no longer be recognized. The internal heterogeneity of communities labeled “Muslim” escapes the dominant understanding of Indian national cultural integration. In Gujarat, Muslims are already internal. In this way, Muslims have become strange in their familiarity.

Keywords:   Muslims, Gujarat, cultural unity, pogrom, heterogeneity, Indian national integration

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