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Philosophic PrideStoicism and Political Thought from Lipsius to Rousseau$
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Christopher Brooke

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691152080

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691152080.001.0001

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From Fénelon to Hume

From Fénelon to Hume

(p.149) Chapter Seven From Fénelon to Hume
Philosophic Pride

Christopher Brooke

Princeton University Press

This chapter views a series of philosophical exchanges in the eighteenth century, which showcases the back and forth between plausibly Stoic and Epicurean concerns and arguments. It first takes a look at François de Salignac de la Mothe-Fénelon, the major opponent from within French Catholicism of the Augustinian tendency towards Epicureanism, before turning to Bernard Mandeville's critique of Shaftesbury. The chapter also studies the moral philosophies of Joseph Butler and Francis Hutcheson, both of whom directed their arguments against Mandeville and in defence of Shaftesbury. In addition, the chapter discusses a persuasive interpretation of David Hume as a somewhat Epicurean and certainly anti-Stoic moral theorist.

Keywords:   Anthony Ashley Cooper, Stoicism, Epicureanism, François de Salignac, Bernard Mandeville, Joseph Butler, Francis Hutcheson, David Hume, Marcus Aurelius, Epictetus

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