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Why Adjudicate?Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO$
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Christina L. Davis

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691152752

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.001.0001

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Domestic Constraints and Active Enforcement

Domestic Constraints and Active Enforcement

(p.26) 2 Domestic Constraints and Active Enforcement
Why Adjudicate?

Christina L. Davis

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the role of courts in the ability of democratic politicians to support international commitments. Taking a closer look at the domestic political origins of trade disputes is necessary to understand the demand for adjudication. The logic of tied hands and two-level games in bargaining has influenced a large research agenda that brings together analysis of domestic politics and international relations. In particular, existing scholarship highlights the role for domestic politics in the area of trade. The chapter develops hypotheses about how variation in domestic politics affects the demand for use of adjudication in dispute settlement. It also explains how political pressures that shape conditions for liberalization of trade policy also affect trade law enforcement.

Keywords:   courts, trade disputes, adjudication, domestic politics, international relations, trade, dispute settlement, liberalization, trade policy, trade law enforcement

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