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Monitoring DemocracyWhen International Election Observation Works, and Why It Often Fails$
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Judith G. Kelley

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691152776

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691152776.001.0001

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Are Monitored Elections Better?

Are Monitored Elections Better?

(p.112) Chapter 7 Are Monitored Elections Better?
Monitoring Democracy

Judith G. Kelley

Princeton University Press

This chapter discusses the influence of international monitors on the quality of individual elections. Using quantitative data to examine the quality of elections provides a far greater breadth of analysis than case studies alone can accomplish. Whether an election is monitored depends both on the organizations' interest in observing an election and on domestic willingness to host observers. This is the classic problem with analyzing data on any form of nonrandom intervention. If the anticipated quality of an election influences whether monitors are present, then monitors may not influence quality at all, but merely respond to it. That is, monitors may simply go to elections that are more likely to improve. Conversely, if elections do not improve, it may be because monitors go to particularly difficult countries that are less likely to improve.

Keywords:   international monitors, individual elections, qantitative data, nonrandom intervention, election quality

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