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Building the JudiciaryLaw, Courts, and the Politics of Institutional Development$
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Justin Crowe

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691152936

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691152936.001.0001

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The Interwar and New Deal Years

The Interwar and New Deal Years


(p.197) Chapter Six The Interwar and New Deal Years
Building the Judiciary

Justin Crowe

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the bureaucratization of the federal judiciary during the quarter century between the dawn of World War I in 1914 and the dawn of World War II in 1939. It shows how reformers during the interwar and New Deal periods insulated the judiciary from potentially dangerous (and increasingly unnecessary) relationships with the other branches of government and signaled the arrival of a more autonomous and self-governing branch. The chapter discusses the three stages in which judicial institution building occurred during the period in conjunction with the vast expansion of regulatory government. It also considers the role played by the political entrepreneurship of William Howard Taft and Homer Cummings in judicial institution building in the interwar and New Deal years.

Keywords:   bureaucratization, federal judiciary, World War I, World War II, New Deal, judicial institution building, regulatory government, political entrepreneurship, William Howard Taft, Homer Cummings

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