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Margins and MetropolisAuthority across the Byzantine Empire$
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Judith Herrin

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691153018

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.001.0001

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Philippikos “The Gentle”

Philippikos “The Gentle”

(p.192) 9 Philippikos “The Gentle”
Margins and Metropolis

Judith Herrin

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines how the term “praos,” associated with Christ in the Gospels, was applied to the eighth-century Byzantine emperor Philippikos, whose successful usurpation was accompanied by a determination to return the Byzantine church to the observance of Monotheletism. Philippikos reigned for less than two years from June 711 to May 713, but in that short time he became closely associated with the text known as Parastaseis syntomoi chronikai. A passage in Parastaseis Chapter 82 described Philippikos as “gentle.” The fact that “gentle and humble of heart” was so widely quoted in Byzantium points up the contrast between its use in Parastaseis and later accounts of Philippikos. So when the compilers of Parastaseis combine a Christ-like quality of gentleness with Eastern traditions about the emperor's learning and culture, they present him in a very favorable light.

Keywords:   praos, Christ, Philippikos, Byzantine church, Monotheletism, Parastaseis syntomoi chronikai, Byzantium, gentleness

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